Global Surgery Initiative at UVA

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Several of our faculty members have research interests in Rwanda . . . Here are just a few of our research interests:

  • Burden of surgical disease at the community level
  • Injury epidemiology and outcomes
  • Burn epidemiology and capacity
  • The prevalence of intimate partner violence in the trauma population
  • Effective measuring of educational interventions
  • Medical student education improvements
  • Pediatric surgical disease in low-resource settings

Here are some of our peer-reviewed articles. UVA residents and faculty are in bold:

Forrester JD, Forrester JA, Kamara TB, Groen RS, Shrestha S, Gupta S, Kyamanywa P, Petroze RT, Kushner AL, Wren SM. Self-reported Determinants of Access to Surgical Care in 3 Developing Countries. JAMA Surg. 2015 Nov 4:1-7

Petroze RT, Byiringiro JC, Ntakiyiruta G, Riviello R, Briggs SM, Razek T, Deckelbaum D, Sawyer RG, Kyamanywa P, Calland JF. Can focused trauma education initiatives reduce mortality or improve resource utilization in a low-resource setting? World J Surg. 2015 Apr;39(4):926-33.

Petroze RT, Byiringiro JC, Jayaraman S, Ntakiyiruta G, Mugenzi DS, Razek T, Deckelbaum DL, Riviello R, Sawyer RG, Calland JF, Kyamanywa P. A systematic review of the impact of focused trauma education in low-resource settings. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 2014 [in press]

Petroze RT, Mumararungu A, Ndayiragije V, Ntakiyiruta G, Kyamanywa P, Reid J, Calland JF, Byiringiro JC. Patterns of Injury at Two University Teaching Hospitals in Rwanda: Baseline Injury Epidemiology Using the Rwanda Injury Registry. Rwanda Medical Journal. 2014 [in press]

Ntirenganya F, Petroze RT, Kamara TB, Groen RS, Kushner AL, Kyamanywa P, Calland JF, Kingham TP. Prevalence of breast masses and barriers to care: Results from a population-based survey in Rwanda and Sierra Leone. J Surg Oncol. 2014 Dec;110(8):903-6.

Petroze RT, Calland JF, Niyonkuru F, Groen RS, Kyamanywa P, Li Y, Guterbock TM, Rodgers BM, Rasmussen SK. Pediatric Surgical Need in Developing Countries: A Household Survey in Rwanda. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jul;49(7):1092-8.

Petroze RT, Joharifard S, Groen RS, Niyonkuru F, Ntaganda E, Kushner AL, Guterbock TM, Kyamanywa P, Calland JF. Injury, Disability and Access to Care in Rwanda: Results of a Nationwide Cross-Sectional Population Study. World J Surg. 2015 Jan;39(1):62-9.

Ramesh A, Fezeu F, Fidele B, Ngulde S, Moosa S, Gress D, Calland JF, Petroze R, Young JS, Nkusi AE, Muneza S. Challenges and Solutions for Traumatic Brain Injury Management in a Resource-Limited Environment: Example of a Public Referral Hospital in Rwanda. Cureus 6(5): e179. 9 May 2014.

Petroze RT, Byiringiro JC, Ntakiyiruta G, Kyamanywa P, Calland JF, Sawyer RG. Infectious outcomes assessment for health system strengthening in low-resource settings: the novel use of a trauma registry in Rwanda. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2014 Aug;15(4):382-6.

Holland MC, Mwizerwa O, Petroze RT, Ntakiyiruta G, Patel K, Gampper TJ, Byiringiro JC, Campbell CA, Calland JF. Burn Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities for Implementation of Dedicated Training and Development of Specialty Centers. Burns. 2014 Feb;40(1):157-63.

Groen RS, Samai M, Petroze RT, Kamara TB, Cassidy LD, Joharifard S, Yambasu S, Nwomeh BN, Kushner AL. Household Survey in Sierra Leone Reveals High Prevalence of Surgical Conditions in Children. World J Surg. 2013 Jun;37(6):1220-6.

Petroze RT, Groen RS, Niyonkuru F, Mallory M, Ntaganda E, Joharifard S, Guterbock TM, Kushner AL, Kyamanywa P, Calland JF. Estimating operative disease prevalence in a low-income country: results of a nationwide population survey in Rwanda. Surgery. 2013 Apr;153(4):457-64.

Parker AM, Petroze RT, Schirmer BD, Calland JF. Surgical Residency Market Research- What are applicants looking for? J Surg Educ. 2013 Mar-Apr;70(2):232-6.

Petroze RT, Phillips EK, Nzayisenga A, Ntakiyiruta G, Calland JF. Healthcare worker safety: a vital component of surgical capacity development in low-resource settings. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2012 Oct-Dec;18(4):307-11.

Calland JF, Petroze RT, Abelson J, Kraus E. Engaging Academic Surgery in Global Health – Challenges and Opportunities in the Development of an Academic Track in Global Surgery. Surgery. 2013 Mar;153(3):316-20.

Petroze RT, Mody GN, Ntaganda E, Calland, JF, Riviello R, Rwamasirabo E, Ntakiyiruta G, Kyamanywa P, Kayibanda E. Collaboration in Surgical Capacity Development: a report of the Inaugural Meeting of the Strengthening Rwanda Surgery Initiative. World J Surg. 2013 Jul;37(7):1500-5.

Petroze RT, Mehtsun W, Nzayisenga A, Ntakiyiruta G, Sawyer RG, Calland JF. Ratio of cesarean sections to total procedures as a marker of district hospital trauma capacity. World J Surg. 2012 Sep;36(9):2074-9.

Groen RS, Samai M, Petroze RT, Kamara TB, Yambasu SE, Calland JF, Kingham TP, Guterbock TM, Choo B, Kushner AL. Pilot testing of a population-based surgical survey tool in Sierra Leone. World J Surg. 2012 Apr;36(4):771-4.

Petroze RT, Nzayisenga A, Rusanganwa V, Ntakiyiruta G, Calland JF. Comprehensive national analysis of emergency and essential surgical capacity in Rwanda. Br J Surg. 2012 Mar;99(3):436-43.

Gerber RE, Brant WE, Petroze RT, Rudakemwa E, Moshi C, Ntakiyiruta G, Ngenzi J, Rheuban KS, Altes TA, Calland JF. Picturing the Climate: Radiologic Assessment of Rwandan Imaging Capacity. J Am Coll Radiol. 2012 Jan;9(1):69-73.

Petroze RT, Nzayisenga A, Calland JF, Ntakiyiruta G. Surgical Volumes at the District Hospital: a Retrospective Review of National Data in Rwanda. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 2011 July/August;16 (2):102-111.


Natuzzi ES, Jagilly R, Chu K, Ozgediz D, Ebolu E, Casey K, Petroze R, Ntakiyiruta G, Novotny T. Surgical Issues in Global Health. Understanding Global Health 2nd edition, edited by Markle W, Fischer M, Smego R. McGraw Hill Lange 2013.

PUBLICATIONS (non peer-reviewed)

Petroze RT. Global disease burden of conditions requiring emergency surgery (Br J Surg 2014; 101: e9-e22). Br J Surg. 2014 Jan;101(1):e23. (invited commentary)

Mody G, Petroze R, Ntaganda E. Strengthening Rwandan Surgery: Surgical Residents’ Perspective. PLOSMedicine Speaking of Medicine Blog. 20 March 2012.’-perspective.

**Please check back for updates on other GSI research interests!


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